How does Business English and General English Differ from each other?
26 Sep, 2023
Learning vocabulary is an important aspect of mastering the English language. It allows you to express your views and thoughts more effectively and helps in understanding written and spoken English with greater ease. One powerful technique for expanding your English vocabulary is by using root words. Root words form is the basis of many English words, and by understanding their meanings, you can unlock the meanings of numerous related words. In this article, we will explore strategies for effectively using of root word methods to learn English vocabulary.
Root words are the basic units from which many words are derived. They carry the core meaning and are often derived from Latin or Greek. By recognizing and understanding root words, you can decipher the meanings of unfamiliar words, make connections between words, and expand your vocabulary.
Some common ‘root’ words in English include:
By recognizing these root words, you can break down complex words into their basic components and gain insights into their meanings.
In English, root words and base words are closely related concepts, but with slight distinctions in meaning.
A root word is the fundamental lexical unit from which many words are derived. It is the core element that carries the central meaning of a word. Root words typically trace their origins back to Greek or Latin and are seldom employed as independent entities in contemporary English. Instead, they serve as a foundation for building new words through the addition of prefixes and suffixes. For example, the root word "spect" means "to see," and it forms the basis for various words such as "inspect," "spectacle," and "spectator."
On the other hand, a base word is a word that can stand alone and has its own meaning, but it can also serve as the foundation for forming related words. Base words are more common in everyday language compared to root words. They may or may not contain prefixes or suffixes. For instance, the base word "act" can be used independently, but it can also combine with affixes to create words like "actor," "action," and "react."
To summarize, root words represent the core units with a specific meaning that form the bedrock for numerous words, whereas base words are stand independently that functioning as the underlying framework for related words. Both root words and base words play a significant role in the formation and understanding of English vocabulary.
Learning root words is essential for English vocabulary building because they provide a roadmap to understanding the meaning of various words. When you know the meaning of a root word, you can easily remember words derived from it. It serve as the core elements from which many words are derived. Root words also enable you to make connections between words, identify word families, and expand your vocabulary more efficiently.
Root Word method to learn English Words is one of the important way to build strong vocabulary list. It also assist in spelling correct forms of any words. By recognizing common root words, you can deduce the spelling patterns and make informed guesses about the spelling of related words.
Identifying root words in the English language can be a helpful skill for understanding the meanings of unfamiliar words, building vocabulary, and recognizing word patterns. Remember that not all words have clear-cut root words, as some may be formed by blending or have irregular origins. Here are some strategies you can use to identify root words:
Look for prefixes and suffixes: Many words in English have affixes attached to the beginning (prefixes) or end (suffixes) of the root word. By recognizing and removing these affixes, you can isolate the root. For example, in the word "unhappiness," "un-" is the prefix, and "-ness" is the suffix, while "happy" is the root. Some common prefixes include "un-", "re-", "pre-", "dis-", and "mis-" etc. Similarly, there are some common suffixes like: "-ed", "-ing", "-ly", "-er", and "-tion" etc.
Consider word families: Related words with similar meanings often share a common root. For instance, words like "act," "actor," "acting," and "react" all share the root "act."
Examine the word's origin: English borrows words from various languages, particularly Latin and Greek. By understanding the etymology of a word, you can often identify its root. Online dictionaries or language references can provide valuable information about a word's origin.
Analyze the word's structure: Pay attention to the word's internal structure. Sometimes, you can identify a root word within a longer word by recognizing familiar word parts or syllables. For example, in the word "transportation," "port" is the root word.
Check the dictionary: If you are unsure about the root word or want to verify your findings, consult a dictionary. Look up the root word to confirm its meaning and usage.
When encountering a new word, take a moment to analyze its structure. Look for familiar root words, prefixes, and suffixes. By identifying the root word, you can gain insight into the word's meaning. For example, if you come across the word "aquarium," recognizing the root word "aqua" (meaning water) helps you understand that it refers to a container for aquatic creatures.
To effectively use root words for vocabulary expansion, it is beneficial to create a personal root word list. Whenever you encounter a new word, take a moment to analyze its structure and identify any familiar roots. This practice reinforces your understanding and retention of vocabulary. Regularly reviewing and expanding your word list enhances your vocabulary retention and allows you to make connections between words with shared roots.
Word families consist of words derived from the same root word. By examining word families, you can gain a deeper understanding of the various ways a root word is used and expand your vocabulary simultaneously. For example, the root word "photo" (meaning light) gives rise to words like "photograph," "photosynthesis," and "photocopy." Exploring these related words helps you grasp the nuances of the root word's meaning and its applications in different contexts.
Understanding root words in context is a powerful way to learn new vocabulary. When you encounter an unfamiliar word, pay attention to the surrounding words and phrases. Look for clues that help you infer the word's meaning. By associating the word with its context and recognizing any familiar root words, you can make educated guesses about its definition.
Numerous online resources provide lists of root words and their meanings. Websites like Vocabulary.com and Merriam-Webster.com offer comprehensive databases that allow you to explore root words and their derivatives. Additionally, online dictionaries often provide etymological information, which can help you trace the origins of words and understand their root components.
Understanding root words can have real-world applications. Here are a few examples:
There are many more root words in the English language. Understanding root words can help you decipher the meaning of unfamiliar words and expand your vocabulary. Here are some common root words for language enthusiasts that use freequently in the English language along with their meanings for better understanding of root words:
|SL NO.||Root Word||Meaning||Words|
|1||Act||to do, to perform||action, react|
|2||Aud||to hear||auditory, audience|
|4||Geo||earth, ground||geography, geology|
|6||Dict||to speak||dictate, contradict|
|8||Fin||end, limit||final, infinite|
|9||Graph||to write, to draw||graphic, autograph|
|10||Hyper||excessive, beyond||hyperactive, hypersensitive|
|12||Log||word, study, speech||logic, biology, dialogue|
|13||Meter / Metr||measure||thermometer, perimeter|
|14||Phon||sound, voice||telephone, microphone|
|16||Port||to carry||transport, portable|
|17||Scrib / Script||to write||scribe, manuscript|
|18||Struct||to build||structure, construction|
|20||Vid / Vis||to see||video, visible|
Expanding your vocabulary is a journey that requires time, effort, and effective strategies. By understanding root words and their meanings, analyze the structure of words, prefixes, and suffixes, and explore word families you can unlock a vast array of words and enhance your overall language proficiency. With dedication and consistent practice, you will become a more confident and articulate communicator. For better understanding the root words and different tricks and strategies for English Language Learning you may join affordable spoken English Course by FastInfo Class. Start your journey to linguistic excellence today!